The Universal Film Manufacturing Company, Incorporated, was a merger of IMP, Rex Film Company, American Éclair, Nestor Film Company, Powers Picture Plays, The Champion Film Company, Yankee Film Company and the New York Motion Picture Company. Later in 1912 Universal added the companies Republic and Gem, and distributed in the United States for Ambrosio and Itala. Universal also distributed productions by St. Louis Motion Picture Company (circa 1914).
Red Feather Photoplays was created in January 1916 as a Universal brand name.
One of Universal’s film exchanges, in 1915, was the Consolidated Film & Supply Company, 1900-1902 Commerce Street, Dallas, Texas; Ned E. Depinet, manager.
The Universal brand names Victor Comedies and Joker Comedies discontinued in 1918.
In 1922, the corporation was reformed into Universal Pictures Corporation.
References: Brownlow-Parade pp. 32, 44, 82, 144, 159, 162, 213, 217; Miller-Comedies p. 5; Robinson-Palace pp. 116-117 : MovPicWorld-19130405 p. 5; UnivWeekly-19150612 pp. C, 10, 15, 33.